Higher Death Risk with Dietary Supplements

The vitamin, mineral and herbal supplement industry in the United States has been so effective in marketing that currently 50% of adults regularly consume their products.  Traditional health care advocates have believed that a well balanced varied diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, appropriately prepared, will provide all the nutrients, Co-enzymes and anti-oxidants that you need.

A recent article in Medpage Today cited the long-term study of Jaakko Mursu, PhD, of the University of Eastern Finland which states that dietary supplements are linked to a higher death risk. The use of multivitamins and vitamin B6, folic acid, iron, magnesium, zinc and copper supplements was associated with a greater “all cause mortality” during the 19 years the study was in progress.

Mursu evaluated the use of vitamin and mineral supplements among 38,772 post-menopausal women participating in the Iowa Women’s Health Study. Initiated in 1986, the average age of the participants in the study was 61.6 years.

“Based on existing evidence, we see little justification for the general and widespread use of dietary supplements.” stated Mursu.  “Calcium supplementation, on the other hand, was associated with a lower risk of death.”

The Food and Drug Administration does not require manufacturers of these products to reveal their efficacy or safety.  At this point I will continue to recommend a balanced, healthy and well prepared diet to my patients with avoidance of supplements unless we can demonstrate safety and efficacy.

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